From Galileo, Francis Bacon, Sir Issac Newton and others we got the mix of direct experimentation and mathematical description that is the hallmark of modern science. Together, these approaches would let us hear nature speak for itself. In the Age of Reason and the Enlightenment, these practices became codified into norms of behavior for science's practitioners. Then, with the foundation of the Royal Society of London (1662), the Paris Académie Royale des Sciences (1666 ), and the Berlin Akademie der Wissenschaften (1700), a distinctly new kind of force was established in society.
Through its long history, the Church has been a major source of social services such as schooling. Several universities were founded by the Church.  Some historians of science,    have argued that the Church had a significant, positive influence on the development of science .   Some of the Church's priests have contributed to science.  In various ways the Church has sought to affect Western attitudes to vice and virtue in diverse fields. It has, over many centuries, promulgated the teachings of Jesus within the Western World and remains a source of continuity linking modern Western culture to classical Western culture.